Members of the Helsinki Committee
journalist, writer. Teresa Bogucka coordinated with the Workers’ Defense Committee and created a “flying library” with forbidden books that her friends in exile sent her. She became part of NSZZ “Solidarność”, in which she was the vice-president of the Team for Culture of the Mazowsze Region. On 13 December 1981, Bogucka was detained. She was released from the facility after the intervention of the Polish Literates Society, the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Episcopat.
theologist, publicist In the 1980s, Bortnowska was a member of the underground Helsinki Committee in Poland. She co-created the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights in1989. As in the theme of the journalism workshops she led herself (including for students, young journalists, schoolchildren and people in detention facilities), Halina Bortnowska is occupied with promoting a worldwide journalism standard. Since 1992 she has been the coordinator of the Young Journalists Workshops “Polis” in Warsaw. She is the co-creator of the “Open Republic” Association against Anti-Semitism and Xenophobia (2000). In the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights she leads the group “Horizon- against the death penalty”.
lawyer, retired judge of the Constitutional Tribunal Ciemniewski was a member of the Solidarity movement in the years 1980-1989. In 1983, he became the co-creator of the Helsinki Committee in Poland. He published legal texts in the underground press. During Round Table discussions he was a member of the committee on legal and justice matters as well as an expert of the team for political sciences. In the years 1991-1998, he held a seat in the Sejm. He was a judge of the Constitutional Tribunal from 1998 to 2007 and has authored numerous publications from the sphere of constitutional law.
psychologist, professor at Warsaw University In 1980, Grzelak joined “Solidarność”, rising into the ranks of the board of the Mazowsze Region a year later. He represented the local structures of the board with the first National Reunion of the Delegates in Gdańsk. He became a member of the KSR “Freedom-Justice-Independence”. At the introduction of martial law, Grzelak was repressed by functionaries of the Security Services and forced to step down from his role as dean. He coordinated with the underground “Solidarność”, including the Interim Coordination Committee and the Helsinki Committee. In 1989 he took part in the discussions of the Round Table as a vice-president of the commission for matters of education and sciences from the side of the opposition. After the creation of the government of Tadeusz Mazowiecki, he became the vice-minister of national education, a position he held until 1991.
sociologist, professor at Warsaw University Professionally involved with Warsaw University, Kurczewski directs the Department for Studies of Tradition and Law in the Institute for Applied Social Sciences of the University. During the years of PRL, he was part of the democratic opposition and an advisor to “Solidarność”. He took part in the discussions of the Round Table, holding a seat in the State Tribunal in the years 1989-1991. In 1991 to 1993, he held a minister’s seat in the Sejm for the first term of the Liberal-Democratic Congress. In the Sejm he held the position of the vice-martial.
doctor of law professor of political studies, judge of the SAC and the Constitutional Tribunal, Poland’s first Ombudsman of constitutional rights. In 1968, Łętowska earned her degree as a doctor of political studies, and a PhD in civilian law in 1975. She has been a professor since 1986. In the years 1977-1987, she was the head of the Commission for Civil Law in the Polish Political Studies Institute of the Academy of Sciences. From 1987 to 1992, Łętowska held the position of the Ombudsman of Constitutional Rights. After the term expired, she joined the Helsinki Committee. In the years 1999-2002, she was a judge of the Supreme Administrative Court and worked as a judge of the Constitutional Tribunal from 2002 to 2011. Membership suspended
philologist, publicist In the 1980s, Maziarski was president of the student council and organizer of the protests at Warsaw University. He wrote in the daily press, including in the quarterly Oboz, of which he was the co-editor. Maziarski took part in the Polish-Czechoslovakian Solidarity and organized a web of contacts in opposition to Hungary and other countries of the eastern bloc. He was the founder and president of the Information Service Solidarity of 1988 and the Eastern-European Information Agency.
Marek Antoni Nowicki
lawyer, ex-member of the European Commission on Human Rights in Strasbourg, ex-Ombudsman of citizens’ rights in Kosovo During the time of martial law, Nowicki was a publicist for the underground press and the co-founder of the underground structures of “Solidarność” as well as different independent institutes. In 1982, he co-founded the underground Helsinki Committee in Poland. The co-author of the Committee’s reports, he was also an advisor and member of the strike in the mine “July Manifest” in Jastrząb in August 1988. Nowicki co-founded the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights in Warsaw and, from November 2003 to February 2008, was the president of the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights.
sociologist Przywara worked first in the project bureau, then the resort institute for building and lastly in the Psychology Institute of the National Institute of Sciences. During the time of “Solidarność” she was a mediator for the Mediation Committee of the Mazowsze Region NSZZ “Solidarność”. In 1982, she joined as a member of the Helsinki Committee in Poland and co-authored its reports. In 1989, she co-founded the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights and was the President of the Council of the Foundation since 2008.